Posts Tagged ‘salvation’

Repentance is not becoming someone that I am not. It is coming to terms with who I am. Is it necessary to repent in order to be saved? The answer is yes and no. If you understand repentance as a change of behavior than the answer is no. Expecting someone to change their behavior in order to be saved is salvation by works. If you understand repentance as coming to terms with who I am – a helpless sinner in need of a savior – then yes, that kind of repentance is necessary.

Read the story of the sinful woman in Luke 7:36-50.

“Your faith has saved you, go in peace.”

The Doctrine of Salvation
Greg Brandenburg
Grace Community Church Tyler
June 21, 2009

What is it?

The confidence that we have that we are saved

What is it based on?

External signs are not a guarantee
Mt.7:21-23 – Not everyone who cries Lord, Lord…I never knew you
Mk.4:5-6 and 16-17 – the sower and the seed
John 15:1-7 – the vine and the branches
Heb.6:4-6 – once enlightened

Based on what Christ has done
My confidence must be in what Christ has done, not what I have done.
“Assurance of faith or assurance of salvation denotes the confidence of the believer in Christ that notwithstanding his mortal sinful condition he is irrevocably a child of God and an heir of heaven.” – B.A. Demarest from Elwell’s Evangelical Dictionary of Theology

Biblical Support:

Rom.8:15-17 – the Holy Spirit bears witness to our spirit that we are God’s children (based on the work of Christ see 8:1-4)
Col.2:2 – riches of assurance based on a knowledge of Christ
1 Thess.1:5 – the gospel did not come with just words but with power, the Holy Spirit, and deep conviction
1 Jn. 3:18-19; 4:13-14; 5:13

The Doctrine of Salvation
Justification and Adoption
Greg Brandenburg
Grace Community Church Tyler
April 19, 2009

Justification is a legal declaration by God that we are guilt free. This is not earned but declared by God due to Christ’s work on the cross. But along with being declared not guilty, we are declared righteous in His sight. Not because we are righteous but that God sees Christ’s righteousness as belonging to us. Finally, along with this righeousness, we are adopted by God Himself  and considered His children and heirs to His kingdom.

I. Justification is the legal declaration by God that I am not guilty

This gives us peace with God – Rom.5:1

Rom.8:30 – this is something God does.

Rom.3:26-28 – justification follows faith

Dikaio – Lk.7:29 – we don’t make God righteous but we declare it. Same as He does with us.        We are not internally changed. That happened at regenaration.

Why does James say we are justified by works – justificaiton can mean declared righteous or appear as righteous. A person is shown to be righteous by his works.

Because we are declared righteous, there is no penalty to pay – Rom.8:1

Rom.8:33-34 – if God declares us not guilty, who can bring a charge against us?

II. Righteousness is the legal declaration by God that I am in a right relationship with Him

Justification returns us to a state of moral neutrality with God. God does more in justification     than just declaring us not guilty, He sees us as righteous – as fulfilling the law.

This give us standing with God

But the declaration that God justifies the ungodly would have been scandalous (Rom.4:5)

This is not a fundamental change in us but taking the righteousness of Christ and declaring it as ours. Rom.5:17; Phil.3:9

Adams sin was imputed to us
Our sin was imputed to Christ
Christ’s righteousness is imputed to us

III. Adoption is God acting to make us His children

John 1:12; 1 John 3:1

We are forgiven from past sins but will continue to enjoy forgiveness. As a result, we should     forgive others.

There is fellowship with God – we are reconciled to Him Rom.5:8-10

We have freedom in Christ – Rom.8:14-16; Jn.15:14-15

We have God’s provision and care – Mt.6:25-34

Discipline for growth – Heb.12:7


Justification is not based on something we are internally. God was under no obligation to declare us not guilty. This is grace

This offeres real hope to those who think they are too bad to be saved.

Hope is knowing that God will never make me pay the penalty of my sins.

The Doctrine of Salvation    
Greg Brandenburg
Grace Community Church Tyler
March 15, 2009
I. Definition
Being born again.
The act of God which imparts spiritual life to those being saved.
John 3:3-8 (Jesus conversation with Nicodemus)
“A radical and complete transformation wrought in the soul by God the Holy Spirit by virtue of which we become ‘new men’ no longer conformed to this world but in knowledge and holiness of the truth created after the image of God.” – B.B. Warfield
II. Effects of
Changes the Disposition of Man
Before: Rom.3:9-18; 8:7
    Enlightened – 1 Cor.2:14-15; 2 Cor.4:6; Col.3:10
    Liberated – Rom.6:14, 17-22; Phil.2:13
    In lifestyle – 1 Jn.3:9; 1 Jn.5:3-4
    Love 1 Jn.4:7-8
    Protected from Satan – 1 Jn.5:18
    Fruits of the Spirit – Gal.5:22-23
III. Significance of the Phrase Born Again
We are new creatures – “buried with Him out of reach of condemnation” 2 Cor.5:17; Gal.2:20
Totally An Act of God
John 1:13
Infants do not participate in their procreation nor do those who are dead in trespasses and sins (Eph.2:1-10)
IV. Development In Scripture
National renewal of Israel – Jer.31:31-34; Ezek.36:26-27
V. Relationship to the Call
Regeneration must be present to enable a man to respond to the call therefore they must be simultaneous (James 1:18; Acts 10:44; Acts 16:14)
The Doctrine of Salvation
Greg Brandenburg
Grace Community Church Tyler
February 8, 15, 22 and March 1, 2009

I. The Biblical view of providence avoid four common errors in this area: (Grudem – Bible Doctrine)

  • (1) deism – God created the world and then essentially abandoned it

  • (2)pantheism – the creation does not have a real, distinct existence in itself, but is only part of God

  • (3) events in creation are not determined by chance or randomness

  • (4) events in creation are not determined by fate or determinism

  • The Order of Salvation

    The Order of Decrees from

    Supralapsarian Infralapsarian Amyraldian Arminian Semi-Pelagian Pelagian
    To create mankind
    To elect some toeternal life and the rest to eternal separation To permit the fall of man To permit the fall of man – physical and moral deterioration Gift of free willwhereby each may do all that is required of him
    To permit the fall of man To elect some to eternal life, leaving the rest to their just deserts The atonement of Christ – where all men are made savable, with salvationconditioned on individual faith. The atonement of Christ – where satisfaction is made for all men and all are given sufficient grace to believe, if they will The atonement of Christ – to make possible the gift of sufficient grace and give this grace to all Gift of the law andgospel to illuminate the way and persuade men to walk in it.
    The atonement of Christ – where satisfaction is made for the elect thus securing their redemption To elect some to receive moral ability and the necessary grace to believe To predestine to eternal life those whom He foresaw would believe of their own free will Salvation of all who freely cooperate with this grace Gift of Christ to (expiate past sinand) set a good example
    The gift of the Holy Spirit to regenerate and sanctify the redeemed The gift of the Holy Spirit to sanctify believers Sanctification of all who cooperate with the sufficient grace Sanctification by cooperation with God‘s grace Acceptance of all who walk in the right way

    Explanation of Election

    An act of God before creation in which he chooses some people to be saved, not on account of any foreseen merit in them, but only because of his sovereign good pleasure.

    New Testament passages

    Acts 13:48 – When the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and honoured the word of the Lord; and all who were appointed for eternal life believed.

    Rom.8:28-30 – 8:28 And we know that all things work together 32 for good for those who love God, who are called according to his purpose, 8:29 because those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that his Son 33 would be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters. 34 8:30 And those he predestined, he also called; and those he called, he also justified; and those he justified, he also glorified.

    Rom.9:11-13 – 9:11 even before they were born or had done anything good or bad (so that God’s purpose in election 23 would stand, not by works but by 24 his calling)25 9:12 26 it was said to her, “The older will serve the younger,” 27 9:13 just as it is written: “Jacob I lovedbut Esau I hated.” 28

    Eph.1:4-6 – 1:4 For 8 he chose us in Christ 9 before the foundation of the world that we may be holy and unblemished 10 in his sight 11 in love. 12 1:5 He did this by predestining 13 us to adoption as his 14 sons 15 through Jesus Christ, according to the pleasure 16 of his will – 1:6 to the praise of the glory of his grace 17 that he has freely bestowed on us in his dearly loved Son.

    2 Tim.1:9 – who has saved us and called us to a holy life—not because of anything we have done but because of his own purpose and grace. This grace was given us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time,

How Are We To Respond To Election? (Grudem)
It is a comfort – Rom 8:28-30 – God acts for the good of the elect
A reason to praise God – Eph.1:5-6
A motivation for evangelism – 2 Tim.2:10; Acts 18:9-11

What Election Is Not:
A. Fatalistic/Mechanistic
God destined us in love – Eph.1:5
Somehow it is still our decision and we are responsible – John 3:18

B. Based on Foreknowledge That We Would Believe
Not even God can know the future if the future is not determined.
(Open Theism)
Choice is not based on something that we do or will do – Rom.9:11-13
Election is Unconditional – not based on anything other than God’s choice

We do not have a choice

God causes us to choose Christ voluntarily
Must a choice be absolutely free? Is any choice absolutely free?
When you chose your spouse, was that a free choice? You had a limited pool of available and willing people.

Unbelievers have no chance

Unbelief is always the responsibility of the unbeliever – Jn.8:43-44; Rom.1:20

Election is unfair

If God saves one He has to save all to be fair?
It would be fair not to save anyone – ask an angel (2 Pet.2:4)
The objection is handled by Paul in Rom.9:19-24

God desires that all are saved – 1Tim.2:5-6; 2 Pet.3:9

Revealed will vs. secret will
All meaning all the elect
Christ’s death is sufficient for all but effective for some

Electing some means damning others

Jude 4; Rom.9:17-22; 11:7; 1 Pet.2:8
The cause of condemnation is always attributed to man
Election is from grace, condemnation is from justice

Whosoever Passages
Acts 10:13 states For whosover shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Rev. 22:17 whosover will let him take the water of life freely
Acts 2:21 states whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved
John 3:16
John 6:37

John 6 gives a perspective of man and God when it comes to election

The purpose of miracles was to confirm the message and messenger – see v.14
When John asked “are you the one” Jesus pointed to His miracles – Mt. 11:7ff
Is it okay that they might be expecting miracles? – Isaiah 35
What is Jesus response to them when they begin to follow Him around? – v.26ff
What is their question in v.28? What must we DO?
What is the answer in v.29? Believe. Is this a work? Are we saved by works?
Look what they ask for in v.30 – show us a sign. What had He just done? But they couldn’t see.
Jesus points this out in v.36
Then He explains it in v.37
In this context, who is everyone in v.40?

It becomes more clear in v.44. This elaborates on His statement in v.37.
Mixed into this discourse are simple statements of salvation
v.47 is a clear statement on salvation – he who believes
v.51 – anyone

Why does He start talking about eating flesh and drinking blood? Because they were looking at Moses Manna as a real miracle of God in providing for their needs. Jesus makes the point that it isn’t about the bread – they ate and died anyway (v.58). But His miracles are about the Bread of Life

Answer: John 6:65 – So Jesus added, 110 “Because of this I told you that no one can come to me unless the Father has allowed him to come.”


The choices of man are not free. They are constrained by the sovereignty of God. No one can exercise his will apart from God or God is no longer God. God sovereignly directs our will in two ways: 1 – directly through providence (see Pharoah in Rom.9) 2 – indirectly through the constraints of human nature. On the latter, God has given man a nature that constrains him to act accordingly. Our physical nature constrains us to breathe air, drink and eat regularly, our maximum speed on foot is less than 22 mph. We can’t fly or breathe under water because it is not our nature. We may attempt it but the results are usually not good.

Similarly, our moral nature is constrained. Even in a perfect state, man had constraint on his will. At creation, man did not know good from evil. This doesn’t mean right from wrong but indicates that God placed limits on man’s choice by leaving him in ignorance of certain things. After the fall, man’s nature is constrained by sin and can only act in accordance with self-interest. As psychologists will tell you, “the greatest predictor of future behavior is past behavior.”

Probably the most common definition of free will is the “ability to make choices without any prior prejudice, inclination, or disposition,”[1] and specifically that these “free will” choices are not ultimately predestined by God.

According to the Bible, however, the choices of man are not only ultimately determined by the sovereignty of God, but morally determined by one’s nature. Man is indeed a free moral agent and freely makes choices, but in his natural state he necessarily acts in accordance with his fallen nature. Man willingly makes choices that flow from the heart, and sin is also always attributed to the desires of the heart (James 1:13-15). When a person turns to Christ, he does so not because of his own “free will”, but because God has supernaturally enabled and moved him to do so through regeneration. God never coerces man’s will, rather God makes him willing to believe through the work of the Holy Spirit.

This is a doctrinal distinction between the theologies of Calvinism and Arminianism: In Arminianism, God saves those who believe of their own free will. In Calvinism, God saves those who willingly believed because he sovereignly brought them to faith through the regenerating work of the Spirit.

Rather than man’s will being free, Jesus tells us that, “everyone who commits sin is a slave to sin,” (John 8:34). The heart, until born again, is “deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked” (Jeremiah 17:9). God saw in man that “every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually” (Genesis 6:5). “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him and I will raise him up on the last day,” (John 6:44).

Man is most free in heaven, where he is morally unable to sin. True freedom isn’t freedom to sin, but freedom from sin.


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