Doctrine: Christ’s Resurrection and Ascension

Posted: January 17, 2009 in Theology

The Doctrine of Christ

Resurrection and Ascension
Greg Brandenburg
Grace Community Church Tyler
January 18, 2009

1 Cor.15:17 And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is useless; you are still in your sins.

Did Jesus have a physical body after His resurrection?

Yes but not one that would be subject again to death unlike previous people who were resurrected such as Lazarus. Christ’s resurrection is unique in that way which is why He is referred to as the “first fruits” of those who have fallen asleep.
1 Cor.15:20 But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 15:21 For since death came through a man, 11  the resurrection of the dead also came through a man. 12  15:22 For just as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. 15:23 But each in his own order: Christ, the firstfruits; then when Christ comes, those who belong to him.

Christ said “I am the resurrection and the life” Jn.11:25


We know that when we die our spirit lives on in the presence of the Lord. But that is not our ultimate state – God did not intend for us to live detached from a physical body. Our ultimate destiny is an eternal physical existence on a new earth that is free from the distortion of sin (Rom.8:21) just as Christ is enjoying now. Our physical existence is not evil – God intended for us to have bodies and His creation is good.

See Rev.21 ( for a description of the new heaven and earth
What is the doctrinal significance of the resurrection?
1. Through Christ’s resurrection, we have hope for a life beyond death
1 Pet.1:3 Blessed be 8  the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! By his great mercy he gave us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 1:4 that is, 9  into 10  an inheritance imperishable, undefiled, and unfading. It is reserved in heaven for you, 1:5 who by God’s power are protected through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
Eph.2:5 even though we were dead in transgressions, made us alive together with Christ – by grace you are saved! 16 2:6 and he raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus
“When God raised Christ from the dead, He thought of us as somehow being raised ‘with Christ’ and therefore deserving of the merits of Christ’s resurrection.” – Grudem p.264
2. Christ’s resurrection insures our justification
Rom.4:25 He 1  was given over 2  because of our transgressions and was raised for the sake of 3  our justification. 4 
Christ’s resurrection was the sign of God’s acceptance of His sacrifice

Phil.2:8 He humbled himself,

by becoming obedient to the point of death

– even death on a cross!

2:9 As a result God exalted him

and gave him the name

that is above every name,


“There was no penalty left to pay for sin, no more wrath of God to bear, no more guilt or liability to punishment – all had bee completely paid for and no guilt remained.” – Grudem p.265


So to be “raised up with Him” (Eph.2:6) means that we too are seen as having no penalty to pay, no wrath to bear, no guilt or liability. I’m with Him!


3. Christ’s resurrection guarantees us a body like His


 See 1 Cor. 15:12-58


Where did Christ go when He ascended?
He lived on earth for 40 days – Acts 1:3 then ascended into heaven in the presence of His disciples Luke 24:50-51. He now sits at the right hand of the Father Heb.1:3 in the glory which was His before the incarnation – Jn.17:5.
The right hand of God gives Him authority over all things
Eph.1:20 This power 55  he exercised 56  in Christ when he raised him 57  from the dead and seated him 58  at his right hand in the heavenly realms 59  1:21 far above every rule and authority and power and dominion and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.
What is the significance for our lives? 
The power to live free from enslaving sin and the fear of death: Phil.3:10; Rom.6:4, 11-14
Encouragement to continue “steadfast, immovable, and abounding” in the work of the Lord – 1 Cor.15:58 So then, dear brothers and sisters, 34  be firm. Do not be moved! Always be outstanding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your labor is not in vain in the Lord.
Don’t get too caught up in the things of this life – Col.3:1 Therefore, if you have been raised with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. 3:2 Keep thinking about things above, not things on the earth, 3:3 for you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God. 3:4 When Christ (who is your 1  life) appears, then you too will be revealed in glory with him.
Christ ascension to heaven secures a place in heaven for me John14:2-3
  1. likegoads says:

    Good stuff, GB Glad to see someone else is trying out this blog thang! You can check out my ramblings over at I have you in my blogroll. Later jestes12 <–twitter

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